Looking for success after college? Choosing a city school can increase your odds.

The iconic image of the American college town as a bucolic New England village is rapidly undergoing a makeover as students are increasingly choosing campuses in cities that are turning their urban cores into centers for “eds and meds.”

Today, in the 20 largest U.S. cities, a college, university or medical institution is among the top 10 private employers. At least half of those top employers in five cities — Washington, Philadelphia, San Diego, Memphis and San Jose — are educational and medical institutions.